Abstract art can elicit emotion and convey meaning without using traditional forms or figures, yet many find it hard to grasp what these paintings mean fully.
This beginner’s guide to Abstract Art will help you overcome any barriers you have against experiencing abstraction on a deeper level.

Understanding Color

Color plays a pivotal role in abstract art, as it allows artists to convey emotions and moods without using recognizable motifs. Different hues have specific symbolic meanings that interact to produce harmony or dissonance depending on their juxtaposition with one another.
Warm colors next to cool ones can create an attractive contrast, and using darker tones creates tension or drama while lighter hues convey peace and serenity.
Color plays a huge part in how viewers interpret art pieces, making its selection essential for abstract artists who wish to experiment with various color palettes and combinations.

Lines in Art

Abstract art has become an essential element of modern and contemporary art, inspiring countless artists to experiment with new techniques and express emotion through their art. Abstractions encompass fluid movement, line, form, color and value as their underlying concepts.
The line is an invaluable asset in abstract painting. It can create feelings of smoothness or roughness while creating depth and dimension in its work.
Additionally, lines can also be drawn dotted, dashed and zigzagged which convey different meanings to its viewers.
Artists use texture to evoke a feeling of touch in their paintings, which is an essential aspect of abstract painting as it adds dimension to the art piece and makes it seem more tactile and three-dimensional.


No matter what medium or cost is involved in creating your artwork, shapes and forms remain integral parts. From geometric to organic and gestural forms, outlining, overlapping, or smearing can all play their part.
Geometric shapes create order and stability within a composition, while organic ones recall natural elements or the human form.
Irregular forms reminiscent of those employed by Joan Miro or Jackson Pollock can express raw emotions or memories through irregular shapes that evoke natural forms or the body; their combination can create visual tension or balance depending on the painting being created. Color also plays an integral part in abstract art as it can evoke feelings and add depth.


Abstract paintings often lack identifiable objects, so the form is crucial in helping viewers interpret them.
Pay particular attention to texture, size, paintbrush strokes and whether or not there is a glossy or matte finish for maximum comprehension.
Artists often employ shapes in their paintings to attract viewers’ eyes and convey movement or direction, or suggest an object or concept such as Liz Flores’ painting “Let It Go”, which shows a body floating through space to symbolize transformation or personal growth.
The form is an integral element to consider in evaluating an artist’s skill and technique, with those possessing exceptional control of form creating paintings that are more appealing and easy to comprehend.


Composition is a key element of abstract art and involves planning how elements will be placed to achieve balance and harmony, helping viewers comprehend its meaning.
Compositional elements should create movement in any work of art and bring life and energy into it. This may include lines, shapes and colors that lead the eye from one area of canvas to the next or by using splashes of paint like Jackson Pollock did in his famous action paintings (also called “action paintings”).
Abstract art is a form of expressive art that allows artists to explore their imagination without being restricted by reality, making it so popular and recognizable. This freedom makes abstract art such an acclaimed form.


Abstract art may appear spontaneous, but its execution requires specific techniques in order to convey emotion and ideas effectively. Artists need a firm grasp on composition and color theory in order to craft harmonious artworks with balanced compositions.
Textures add depth and emotion to your work. Try exploring various painting techniques like impasto, palette knife application or mixing media elements into the piece for tactile experiences for viewers.
Add symbols or shapes that hold special meaning for you in order to add authenticity to your work, helping it resonate more deeply with its intended audience. Integrating mindfulness techniques may also help tap into emotions more accurately so they can be translated into your pieces more accurately.